Looking for Latest Electronics Project Kits? Multiple full adder circuits can be cascaded in parallel to add an N-ripple carry adder circuit number.

For an N- bit parallel adder, there must be N number of full adder circuits. A ripple carry adder is a logic circuit in which the carry-out of each full adder is the carry in of the succeeding next most significant full adder. Sum out S0 and carry out Cout of the Full Adder 1 is valid only after the propagation delay of Full Adder 1. In the same way, Sum out S3 of the Full Adder 4 is valid only after the joint propagation delays of Full Adder 1 to Full Adder 4. In simple words, the final result of the ripple carry adder is valid only after the joint propogation delays of all full adder circuits inside it. To understand the working of a ripple carry adder completely, you need to have a look at the full adder too. Full adder is a logic circuit that adds two input operand bits plus a Carry in bit and outputs a Carry out bit and a sum bit.

There is a simple trick to find results of a full adder. 2 in the decimal system corresponds to 10 in the binary system. Full adder using NAND or NOR logic. Alternatively the full adder can be made using NAND or NOR logic.